Business ideas that changed the world
Rocket engine (1926)
Physicist professor Robert Godard was an avid fan of Wells’ War of the Worlds. Being engaged in science, he devoted a huge part of his time to the study of combustible rocket fuel. He believed that someday real flights into space, described in his favorite work, will become available to mankind. Robert Godard launched his first rocket in 1926, and it was powered by a liquid propellant rocket engine. Then the rocket was able to rise only a little over six meters, however, this marked the beginning of the global exploration of space by mankind.
Philo Taylor Farnsworth began his journey to create television when he was only fifteen years old. At this age, he presented his first project on the electronic transmission of images over a distance. A few years later, the idea of an electron-beam device was born in his head – a tube that converts optical information into an electrical signal and vice versa. Finally, at 22, Farnsworth was able to create a fully electronic image for the first time. This marked the beginning of the television that we have today. Farnsworth had other inventions, for example, in the field of nuclear fusion, but in history he will forever remain as the person who created television.
The strongest antibiotic was discovered by the physician Alexander Flemming. All his life, he dreamed of inventing a drug that could rid people of terrible infections. And then one day he drew attention to an unwashed cup, in which the mold destroyed all the bacteria. So he “gave birth” to penicillin – a substance obtained from molds. Alexander Flemming received the Nobel Prize for his discovery.
British publisher Allen Lane once faced such a problem – when the n is delatraiyed, there is absolutely nothing to do at the station. You can buy something to read in shops nearby, but usually these are either huge, heavy books or magazines with many unnecessary pictures. The former are very inconvenient to use on the road, and the viewing of the latter is unlikely to take much time. And then Lane came up with an idea – at train stations, at bus stops, at airports, etc. small, handy books should be sold that could be easily taken on the road. In other words, so that these books fit in your pocket. Allen Lane realized his idea with the help of Penguin Books, which he opened precisely to popularize this format of books and teach people that pocket-size literature can also be of high quality and interesting.
Peter Goldmark was an ordinary engineer who loved listening to music in his spare time. The only thing that annoyed him was the short recordings on the records. So an ordinary engineer turned into an inventor: he created his own records at a speed of 33 revolutions per minute. He also began to use a different material for the manufacture of records – vinyl polymer. So the records became better quality and longer playing. This invention greatly influenced the music industry, because it was on such records that a lot of musical products were released.
The thing that saved millions of lives was invented by sheer chance. Engineer Wilson Greatbatch was developing a transistor that could record the sounds of the heart. At some point, he accidentally inserted a resistor into the equipment incorrectly and noticed that the device began to create a rhythm that completely corresponded to the rhythm of the heart. Wilson realized that this device would be able to control the work of the human heart. After many experiments, pacemakers went to the masses and began to save lives.
If the modem had not been invented, the Internet would not have appeared. It is impossible to imagine modern life without the Internet. The first modem was released by Hayes Microcomputer Products for the Apple II computer. The modem was running at 300 bits per second. For comparison, the speed of modern modems is millions of bits per second.
World Wide Web (1990)
The first web browser was created by programmer Tim Berners-Lee. The program was extremely simple, had a text display and only a couple of primitive images. Since 1993, this software has been in the public domain, that is, there are no patent rights to it.
The possibility of wireless data exchange was presented to the world by engineer John O’Sullivan. Thanks to his invention, different technology was able to “communicate” with each other, exchanging data “over the air.” In 2002, active sales of Wi-Fi devices began – for the year, sales reached $ 280 million. Now there are Wi-Fi networks at almost every step – from restaurants and subways to home Internet.
It would be very dishonest not to include social networks in the list of ideas that changed the world. Mark Zuckerbreg invented the “face book” with his friends at Harvard, and it was originally an intra-university network.